Ingredient Spotlight: Vitamin C

The world of Vitamin C can be confusing and overwhelming, from different types to the best pH levels for formulations. Today we’re breaking down some Vitamin C basics, because in clean, effective products, the benefits of this buzzy skin care ingredient are a dose of magic for your skin’s overall health.

What exactly is Vitamin C?

Another term for ascorbic acid, Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin found in citrus, other fruits and vegetables, as well as in dietary supplements and skin care formulations. It is an essential nutrient involved in the repair of tissue and an antioxidant that helps prevent cell damage caused by free radicals.

What are the benefits of Vitamin C in skin care?

  • brightening
  • evens skin tone
  • reduces hyperpigmentation
  • reduces redness
  • anti-inflammatory
  • hydrating
  • promotes collagen production
  • fights free radicals
  • safe and effective with alpha hydroxy acids, retinols and SPF

Types of Vitamin C

Pure Vitamin C (L-ascorbic Acid)

The most potent and refined form and water soluble; most effective when formulated with a low pH and concentration of 10% - 20%.

Products with L-ascorbic Acid:

Ascorbyl Palmitate

Fat soluble and protects lipids from peroxidation; can be delivered in a creamy consistency.

Products with Ascorbyl Palmitate:

Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate

A water-soluble, lipophilic, highly stable form of vitamin C made from ascorbic acid combined with magnesium salt; most hydrating form of Vitamin C.

Products with Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate:

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (THD) 

A stable, oil-based form of vitamin C that can deeply penetrate skin for higher efficacy results; suitable for sensitive and damaged skin.

Products with Tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate (THD):

Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids 

Potent antioxidants in the form of plant-based compounds found in certain fruits and vegetables; strengthens and enhances Vitamin C's effects for the skin.

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